Comme les adultes non atteints, les personnes ayant un trouble du spectre de l’autisme


(TSA) presentent le tableau complet des comportements sexuels. Cependant, certaines personnes un that is ayant peuvent developper des interets et comportements sexuels hypernormaux ou non standard, a cause des symptomes fondamentaux du trouble, comme les deficits de socialisation, les hyposensibilites et hypersensibilites et les comportements repetitifs. Apres une analyse de la litterature pertinente sur la sexualite des personnes ayant un TSA de haut niveau, nous presentons des donnees nouvelles, dilemmas de notre etude that is propre la frequence des comportements sexuels normaux et sur l’evaluation des comportements et fantasmes hypersexuels et paraphiliques chez les personnes ayant un TSA: celles-ci semblent avoir de tels comportements plus souvent que les etudes de populace generale ne le suggerent. Cependant, cet ecart est principalement le fait des findings des participants masculins un that is ayant, peut-etre parce que les femmes ayant un TSA sont habituellement plus adaptees socialement et moins symptomatiques. Les particularites des comportements sexuels des patients ayant un TSA devraient etre prises en charge a la fois pour une education sexuelle et des approches therapeutiques.


Autism range problems (ASD) are neurodevelopmental problems that comprise a group that is heterogeneous of, that are described as impairments in social connection and interaction, also repetitive and stereotyped passions and actions. 1 Reported prevalence rates have actually increased markedly in current years (up to 1% life time prevalence), with an increase of and more grownups being identified as having ASD. 2 the assumption is that the male-to-female-ratio is between 3 and 4 to at least one, 3 and there occur particular sex variations in ASD. 4 Although nearly half of an individual with ASD aren’t intellectually reduced while having normal cognitive and language abilities (such as for instance people who have high-functioning autism or Asperger problem), the social discussion and interaction deficits and problems in seeing the viewpoint of others and intuitively understanding nonverbal social cues constitute concealed obstacles into the growth of intimate and sexual relationships. 5,6 Sexuality-related issues can arise, specially in the beginning of puberty, a period as soon as the growth of ASD individuals’ social abilities cannot keep pace with increasing social needs, plus the challenges of developing intimate and intimate relationships become specially obvious. 7

Studies on sex in individuals with ASD

About ten years following the entry that is official of within the 3rd version associated with Diagnostic and Statistical handbook of Mental Disorders (DSM-III) in 1980, the initial systematic studies from the sexuality of patients with ASD had been posted. 8-11 the existing state of research on intimate experiences, sexual actions, intimate attitudes, or intimate familiarity with ASD individuals is pretty blended, with a few studies finding distinctions from healthy settings (HCs) although some try not to. Nonetheless, due to the nature that is heterogeneous of condition range while the diverse medical methodology for the studies, it is not astonishing. Past research reports have: (i) included feminine and/or patients that are male residential settings with presumably more impairments much less possibilities for intimate experiences; (ii) dedicated to persons with intellectual impairments or other comorbid developmental disabilities, therefore ultimately causing confounding effects; (iii) used web surveys in which just higher-functioning individuals took part; (iv) relied on reports from family relations and care-givers or through the clients by by by themselves; and (v) examined people with ASD in numerous age brackets.

These studies claim that many people with ASD seek intimate and intimate relationships like the population that is non-ASD and also have the entire spectral range of intimate experiences and actions. 12-18 but, you can still find numerous stereotypes and societal values about people with ASD, talking about them as tired of social and intimate relationships so that as being asexual. 10,19,20 dining Table I presents a synopsis of studies evaluating different factors of sex in young and older grownups with high-functioning autism, on such basis as self-report questionnaires. 11,12,15,21-33 We especially concentrated the literary works review on these scholarly studies because their methodology corresponds to your research approach found in the study provided right right here. The studies presented in dining dining Table we make sure sexuality does matter in ASD people, plus it becomes clear that the entire spectral range of intimate experiences and actions is represented in this team. 11-13,15,20-31


The majority of the hitherto existing research has dedicated to guys, and few research reports have addressed gender-specific problems concerning social, psychological, and intellectual domain names, and also less studies occur examining sex separately in women and men with ASD. 12,13,20,32 The few medical observations 32 together with set that is small of studies suggest that ladies with ASD might provide less pronounced social and communication deficits and also have unique interests which can be more appropriate towards the passions of the peer groups. 33-36 additionally, ladies with ASD appear to use coping techniques, such as for instance imitating the social abilities of the non-ASD peers, consequently being more socially unobtrusive. 34 Regarding sexuality-related dilemmas, females with ASD appear to have poorer amounts of general intimate functioning, feel less well in intimate relationships than do guys with ASD, and they are also at greater danger of becoming a target of intimate attack or punishment. 37 men with ASD had been discovered to activate more in solitary intimate activities, 11-14,18,37 along with to own a better desire to have intimate and intimate relationships 20; nonetheless, there clearly was some proof that females with ASD, despite having reduced libido, more regularly take part in dyadic relationships. 13